Turner, William 1510-1568

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William Turner was educated at Cambridge. He was primarily a theologian and secondarily a botanist. His theological writings were very controversial. He was so strongly anti-Episcopalian that he was suspended for nonconformity. As a result he spent considerable time on the continent, studying botany (1540-47) at the University of Bologna. He returned to England at the time of the accession of Queen Elizabeth. His earliest botanical work was Libellus de re herbaria novus (1538). His principal work was New Herball, published in three installments, London 1551; Cologne, 1562 and 1568. Illustrations were largely taken from Fuchs.