Downing, Charles 1802-1885
Downing was a distinguished pomologist and elder brother of Andrew Jackson Downing. He worked part time as a boy in his father's nursery. At 24 he became a nurseryman himself with his brother Andrew a partner from 1834-1839. About 1850 he sold his business and devoted himself to the study of cultivars of fruits upon which subject he became an outstanding authority.
The great bulk of the work Fruits and Fruit Trees of America was composed by him although Andrew, his brother, conceived the idea. His test orchard contained trees and "grafts" of 1800 apple and 1000 pear cultivars and others in proportion. He is noted for his "conscientious accuracy."