Pinus sylvestris - Scotch Pine
Family: Pinaceae

Hear the scientific name

Pinus sylvestris is a bluish-green foliaged, densely branching, irregular habit pine with orange bark on the upper half of the tree. Scotch Pine is an evergreen tree with ornamental bark and bold character of growth habit.

F   E   A   T   U   R   E   S
  form Form

-large tree

-50' tall x 30' wide

-irregular pyramidal in youth, becoming flat-topped, scalloped, and open with maturity

-medium rate

foliage Foliage

-fascicle of 2 bluish-green needles (sometimes yellow-green)

-to 3" long, stiff or twisting

-persisting for 3 yrs. on the stems

-blue-green evergreen


-staminate flowers are clustered short catkins that will form cones

-pistillate flowers green and will form cones


-often unnoticed


-2" brown cones


-green when young, becoming brown and rough by the second year

trunk Trunk

-fissured gray to red-brown at the base, but becoming orange and exfoliating on the upper half of the tree

-ornamental orange bark is quite characteristic of this tree as it matures

C   U   L   T   U   R   E


-full sun to partial shade

-dry site tolerant

-sometimes sheared during nursery production (or Christmas tree production) for a fuller, more dense appearance at transplanting

-however, Scotch Pine is often not sheared since it is naturally dense and slower growing than most evergreen trees


-zones 3 to 7


-native to Europe and Asia

U   S   A   G   E


-bluish-green stiff to twisted foliage

-pyramidal growth habit in youth, becoming picturesque with an irregular crown with age

-vivid light orange bark on upper half of tree

-popular Christmas tree


-various diseases and pests

-these often cause a slow-growing, stunted, stubby tree


-evergreen tree

-specimen tree

-focal point (orange bark and irregular open crown)


-medium texture in youth, bold texture with age

-thick density

S   E   L   E   C   T   I   0   N   S

Varieties and Cultivars - Search OSU PlantFacts for additional plants in this species


-coniferous evergreen trees with character and/or bark color (Pinus bungeana, P. densiflora 'Umbraculifera', P. cembra, etc.)


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