Parrotia persica - Persian Parrotia
Family: Hamamelidaceae

Hear the scientific name

Parrotia persica is usually a low-branched and multi-stemmed small specimen tree with beautiful, exfoliating bark, flowers having showy red stamens, and leaves that turn from dark green in summer to an autumn color consisting of a mix of brilliant yellow, orange and red. Persian Parrotia provides significant autumn and winter interest.

F   E   A   T   U   R   E   S
  form Form

-small deciduous tree, about 30' tall x 20' wide rounded, upright, wide spreading branches, often with several trunks (shrub form)

-moderate to fast growth rate (1-1.5' per year)

foliage Foliage

-alternate arrangement

simple, 2.5-5" long x 1-2.5" wide, oval to obovate-oblong

-conspicuous stipules

-coarsely crenate-dentate above the middle and undulate margin (shape resembles Hamamelis)

-dark green in summer; yellow, orange to brilliant red in autumn if plant is grown in full sun


-flowers without petals (apetalous), have showy red stamens, appear before leaves (Mar.– Apr.)

-floral display not particularly noticeable


-a brown, 2-valved capsule; ornamentally insignificant


-lightly pubescent when young, turning brownish and smooth as it matures

trunk Trunk

-attractive, exfoliating with grayish green and white in older trunks; resembles Cornus kousa, Pinus bungeana, or Platanus occidentalis in general pattern

C   U   L   T   U   R   E


-sun to light shade; prefers well-drained, slightly acid (pH 6.0-6.5), loam soils, but will tolerate some alkalinity; avoid exposure to drying winds.

-no serious pest problems that would limit its use in the landscape

-propagated by cuttings or seeds

-limited availability in containers or B&B


-zones (4) 5 to 8


-native to Iran, Iraq

U   S   A   G   E


-outstanding autumn color (maximized if plant placed in full sun) and exfoliating bark

-significant tolerance to environmental stresses, once established


-may show some winter damage in colder parts of zone 5

-may be attacked by Japanese beetle


-specimen, focal point, accent, foundation planting for larger structures


-medium in leaf and when bare

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Varieties and Cultivars - Search OSU PlantFacts for additional plants in this species


-other small trees with multi-season interest (Acer griseum, Acer palmatum, etc.)


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