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Flowering Plant Families & Representative Genera

Diagram of Floral Structure

Family

Typical genera and common names

Aceraceae

Acer

box elder

maples

Amaryllidaceae

Narcissus

daffodils

Hippeastrum

Amaryllis

Apiaceae
(Umbelliferae)

Daucus carrot

Petroselenum

parsley

Araceae

Caladium

Arisaema

jack in the pulpit

Calla

Asclepiadaceae

Asclepias

butterfly weed

Hoya

Asteraceae
(Compositae)

Dendranthema

Chrysanthemum

Echinacea

coneflower

Betulaceae

Betula, birch

Alnus, alder

Carpinus/Ostrya

hornbeams

Boraginaceae

Pulmonaria

lungwort

Mertensia

Virginia bluebell

Brassicaceae(Cruciferae)

Brassica Lobularia

Alyssum

Iberis

candytuft

Cactaceae

Opuntia

prickly pear

Epiphyllum

.

Campanulaceae

Campanula

Canterbury Bells

Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus

carnation

Gypsophila

baby's breath

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera

honeysuckle

Viburnum

Chenopodiaceae

Spinacea

spinach

Beta

beetroot

Cornaceae

Cornus

dogwoods

Commelinaceae

Tradescantia

spiderwort

Zebrina

wandering jew

Convolvulaceae

Ipomea

morning glory and

sweet potato

Crassulaceae

Sedum

Sempervivum

Hen and Chicks

.

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbita

pumpkin squashes

Cucumis

melon, cucumber"

Cyperaceac

Carex

Cyperus

sedges

.

Ericaceae

Pieris

Rhododendron

Kalmia

mountain laurel

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia

Poinsettia

spurges

crown of thorns

Fabaceae(Leguminosae)

Cercis, redbud

Gleditsia

honey locust

Pisum pea

Fagaceae

Fagus

beech

Quercus

oak

Geraniaceae

Pelargonium

Geranium

Hippocastanaceae

Aesculus

buckeye

and horse chestnut

.

Iridaceae

Iris

Crocus

Gladiolus

Juglandaceae

Juglans

walnut

Carya

hickory

Juncaceae

Juncus rushes

Larniaceae
(Labiatae)

Coleus

Lamiastrum

yellow archangel

Mentha mint

Liliaceae

Lilium Trillium

Tulipa

Hemerocallis

day lily

Magnoliaceae

Magnolia

Liriodendron

yellow poplar

.

Malvaceae

Hibiscus

rose of sharon

Gossypium

cotton

Nymphaeaceae

Nymphaea

water lily

Nelumbo

lotus

Oleaceae

Fraxinus ash

Ligustrum privet

Syringa, lilac

Forsythia

Orchidaceae

Cymbidium

Cyprepidium

Cattleya

Vanda

Papaveraceae

Papaver

Meconopsis

poppies

Platanaceae

Platanus

planes and

sycamore

.

Poaceae
(Graminae)

Miscanthus

Festuca

Triticum wheat

Zea corn

Polemoniaceae

Polemonium

Jacob's ladder

Phlox

.

Ranunculaceae

Clematis Caltha

marsh marigold

Aquilegia

columbine

Rosaceae

Malus

Amelanchier

Fragaria

strawberry

Saxifragaceae

Astilbe

Heuchera

Saxifraga

Scrophulariaceae

Antirrhinum

snapdragon

Penstemon

beard tongue

Solanaceae

Petunia

Solanum potato

Lycopersicon

tomato

Ulmaceae

Celtis

hackberry

Ulmus

elm

Diagram of Floral Structure

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