Parrotia persica - Persian Parrotia
Family: Hamamelidaceae

Hear the scientific name

Parrotia persica is usually a low-branched and multi-stemmed small specimen tree with beautiful, exfoliating bark, flowers having showy red stamens, and leaves that turn from dark green in summer to an autumn color consisting of a mix of brilliant yellow, orange and red. Persian Parrotia provides significant autumn and winter interest.

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  form Form

-small deciduous tree, about 30' tall x 20' wide rounded, upright, wide spreading branches, often with several trunks (shrub form)

-moderate to fast growth rate (1-1.5' per year)

foliage Foliage

-alternate arrangement

simple, 2.5-5" long x 1-2.5" wide, oval to obovate-oblong

-conspicuous stipules

-coarsely crenate-dentate above the middle and undulate margin (shape resembles Hamamelis)

-dark green in summer; yellow, orange to brilliant red in autumn if plant is grown in full sun

Flowers

-flowers without petals (apetalous), have showy red stamens, appear before leaves (Mar.– Apr.)

-floral display not particularly noticeable

Fruit

-a brown, 2-valved capsule; ornamentally insignificant

Twig

-lightly pubescent when young, turning brownish and smooth as it matures

trunk Trunk

-attractive, exfoliating with grayish green and white in older trunks; resembles Cornus kousa, Pinus bungeana, or Platanus occidentalis in general pattern

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Culture

-sun to light shade; prefers well-drained, slightly acid (pH 6.0-6.5), loam soils, but will tolerate some alkalinity; avoid exposure to drying winds.

-no serious pest problems that would limit its use in the landscape

-propagated by cuttings or seeds

-limited availability in containers or B&B

Hardiness

-zones (4) 5 to 8

Origin

-native to Iran, Iraq

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Assets

-outstanding autumn color (maximized if plant placed in full sun) and exfoliating bark

-significant tolerance to environmental stresses, once established

Liabilities

-may show some winter damage in colder parts of zone 5

-may be attacked by Japanese beetle

Function

-specimen, focal point, accent, foundation planting for larger structures

Texture

-medium in leaf and when bare

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Varieties and Cultivars - Search OSU PlantFacts for additional plants in this species

Alternates

-other small trees with multi-season interest (Acer griseum, Acer palmatum, etc.)

 


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