Acer campestre - Hedge Maple
Family: Aceraceae

Hear the scientific name

Acer campestre is a slow-growing, medium-sized shade tree for lawn or street. It can also be a large shrub used in hedges. Hedge Maple is rounded, dense of foliage, low-branching, and adaptable to alkaline and compacted soils.

F   E   A   T   U   R   E   S
  form2 form Form

-small- to medium-sized shade tree, or large shrub

-also found as a limbed up, small- to medium-sized tree for the residential landscape

-slowly maturing to 30' tall x 30' wide under optimum conditions, but often half that size in urban situations, or even less if sheared into hedge form

-upright oval growth habit in youth, quickly becoming rounded and spreading with age

-slow growth rate

foliage2 foliage Foliage

-opposite arrangement, dark green, and densely arranged along the twigs, about 3" long and wide, with palmate venation, and exuding a milky sap when the petiole is cut

-the leaf blade is 5-lobed; the basal 2 lobes much smaller than the upper 3, and each of the upper lobes incised and usually rounded, but not serrated

-autumn color is yellow to yellowish-green; not striking

Flowers

-green inflorescences in early May are noticeable but ornamentally insignificant

Fruit
fruit

-2 small joined green samaras per stalk, having widely divergent and prominent wings, in pendulous clusters from the stems and maturing as brown fruits in Oct.

Twig
twig

-brown stems with gray buds

-some selections have prominent corky or "winged" twigs

trunk Trunk

-light brown to gray branches may have a slight degree of striation on some specimens

-trunks becoming light gray and fissured at maturity

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Culture

-full sun to partial sun

-prefers moist, well-drained soils in full sun, but tolerates urban conditions (dry soils, compacted soils, alkaline soils, heat, and drought) much better than most Maples

-few disease or pest problems

-limited availability in either single-trunked or multi-trunked tree form, and in shrub form

Hardiness

-zones 4 to 8

Origin

-native to Europe, Near East, and Africa

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Assets

-urban tolerant

-low mature height for a shade tree (good for under power lines)

-dense summer shade

-of the many Maples, one that is particularly adaptable (tolerant of acidic, neutral, or alkaline soil pH)

Liabilities

-shallow root system can surface with age

-usually has poor autumn color

-slow growth rate

Function

-small tree or large shrub, planted for shade, specimen, hedge, or street tree use

Texture

-medium texture in foliage and when bare

-thick density in foliage and when bare

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Varieties and Cultivars - Search OSU PlantFacts for additional plants in this species

Alternates

-good small- to medium-sized street trees (Crataegus x lavallei, Koelreuteria paniculata, Malus 'Red Baron', Tilia cordata 'Greenspire', etc.)

 


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