Aronia arbutifolia - Red Chokeberry
Family: Rosaceae

Hear the scientific name

Aronia arbutifolia is a deciduous shrub known for shiny green summer and red autumn foliage. Red Chokeberry has colorful, pendulous fruits, is very adaptable to moist/wet sites, and is appropriate for naturalizing and for attracting wildlife.

F   E   A   T   U   R   E   S
  form2 form Form

-small shrub; to 8' tall x 4' wide

-multi-stemmed and spreading due to suckering

-upright columnar when young, becoming arching vase-shaped with age

-medium growth rate

foliage2 foliage Foliage

-dark green; deciduous

-alternate arrangement; obovate; finely serrated; shiny and glabrous above

-autumn color - green to orange to wine-red, with all three colors on the same shrub at the same time; Oct.; autumn color can be spectacular

Flowers
flowers

-white; May; 1" diameter inflorescences; attractive but not overwhelming

Fruit
fruit

-small red fruits in pendulous clusters; dazzling

Oct. and winter persistent

-common name comes from bitter taste of the fruits

Twig
twig

-brown-red; with striking bright red conical buds partially curling around the stem; lateral buds the same size as terminal buds; stems numerous and upright

trunk Trunk

-not applicable

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Culture

-full sun to partial shade

-tolerant of poor soils and moisture (wet or dry) but prefers rich, moist, well-drained, slightly acid soil

-takes well to pruning

-generally stress tolerant

-abundantly available in B&B or container

Hardiness

-zones 3 to 9

Origin

-native to Eastern North America, Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Michigan

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Assets

-wet site tolerant

-red, persistent fruits

Liabilities

-suckering can be either desired or detrimental

Function

-mass plantings, borders, informal hedges, or low screens

Texture

-fine texture in foliage and when bare

-thick density in foliage and when bare (when young), but open density in foliage and when bare (when mature, due to arching habit)

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Varieties and Cultivars - Search OSU PlantFacts for additional plants in this species

Alternates

-good-foliaged small shrubs with erect to arching multi-stemmed habit

-small shrubs with attractive and sometimes persistent fruits (Amelanchier, Viburnum trilobum)

 


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